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SCH-005: School-Based Clinics

School-Based Clinics: The Wisconsin Medical Society supports the development of programs, including those located in schools, to provide comprehensive health care services where the health care needs of the population are not being met.

Efforts should be made to have the support of parents and communities, and school-based or school-linked clinics should be established with careful attention to proper staffing and physician supervision of services, appropriate hours of operation and effective follow-up care of patients.

“Comprehensive primary health care” refers to a package of services that is culturally and socially age-appropriate, family-centered, linked to community resources and that provides the full range of primary health care services, especially those that address the major causes of adolescent morbidity and death. These services include the assessment of:

  • Nutritional status
  • Fitness
  • Oral health
  • Sexuality
  • Risk-taking behavior
  • Perinatal status
  • Alcohol, tobacco and other substance use
  • Other issues related to growth and development

Services with a preventive and educational focus are basic to primary health care and are often provided by public health nurses, school nurses and nurse practitioners, as well as physicians. (HOD, 0416)