SCH-007: Childhood Anaphylactic Reactions
Childhood Anaphylactic Reactions: The Wisconsin Medical Society will:
- Urge all schools, from preschool through 12th grade, to:
- Develop Medical Emergency Response Plans (MERP).
- Practice these plans in order to identify potential barriers and strategies for improvement.
- Ensure that school campuses have a direct communication link with an emergency medical system (EMS).
- Identify students at risk for life-threatening emergencies and ensure these children have an individual emergency care plan that is formulated with input by a physician.
- Designate roles and responsibilities among school staff for handling potential life-threatening emergencies, including administering medications, working with EMS and local emergency departments, and contacting families.
- Train school personnel in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
- Adopt the School Guidelines for Managing Students with Food Allergies distributed by the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network.
- Ensure that appropriate emergency equipment to deal with anaphylaxis and acute asthmatic reactions is available and that assigned staff are familiar with using this equipment.
- Work to expand to all states laws permitting students to carry prescribed epinephrine or other medications prescribed by their physician for asthma or anaphylaxis.
- Support increased research to better understand the causes, epidemiology and effective treatment of anaphylaxis.
- Urge the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to study the adequacy of school personnel and services to address asthma and anaphylactic emergencies.
- Urge physicians to work with parents and schools to ensure that all their patients with a food allergy have an individualized emergency plan.
- Work to allow all first responders to carry and administer epinephrine in suspected cases of anaphylaxis.
- Promote a statewide program to train school personnel in the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis and to supply epinephrine autoinjectors in school cafeterias. (HOD, 0416)