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SCH-007: Childhood Anaphylactic Reactions

Childhood Anaphylactic Reactions: The Wisconsin Medical Society will:

  1. Urge all schools, from preschool through 12th grade, to:
    1. Develop Medical Emergency Response Plans (MERP).
    2. Practice these plans in order to identify potential barriers and strategies for improvement.
    3. Ensure that school campuses have a direct communication link with an emergency medical system (EMS).
    4. Identify students at risk for life-threatening emergencies and ensure these children have an individual emergency care plan that is formulated with input by a physician.
    5. Designate roles and responsibilities among school staff for handling potential life-threatening emergencies, including administering medications, working with EMS and local emergency departments, and contacting families.
    6. Train school personnel in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
    7. Adopt the School Guidelines for Managing Students with Food Allergies distributed by the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network.
    8. Ensure that appropriate emergency equipment to deal with anaphylaxis and acute asthmatic reactions is available and that assigned staff are familiar with using this equipment.
  2. Work to expand to all states laws permitting students to carry prescribed epinephrine or other medications prescribed by their physician for asthma or anaphylaxis.
  3. Support increased research to better understand the causes, epidemiology and effective treatment of anaphylaxis.
  4. Urge the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to study the adequacy of school personnel and services to address asthma and anaphylactic emergencies.
  5. Urge physicians to work with parents and schools to ensure that all their patients with a food allergy have an individualized emergency plan.
  6. Work to allow all first responders to carry and administer epinephrine in suspected cases of anaphylaxis.
  7. Promote a statewide program to train school personnel in the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis and to supply epinephrine autoinjectors in school cafeterias. (HOD, 0416)